Trails End Computer Club

Bulletin for the month of OCTOBER 2016





If you would like to meet in a small group to discuss special computer related subjects or form a Special Interest Group lets discuss it.

Our bulletin is also available on line by visiting and clicking on bulletin.

See Bulletin Selector, Lessons Selector, 
Top Downloads, Top Web Sites & APCUG Benefits.

It's loaded with ideas, how  to's, learning and
Education sites.


By Harold Buechly    Member: Trails End Computer Club    tecomputerclub(at)

I’m the WEBSOMETHING for the Trails End Computer Club.

I certainly have not mastered the web but I do edit the site with a certain amount of success. Back in the late 90’s, GeoCities offered free websites with a friendly, cloud based wysiwyg ”WHAT YOU SEE IS WHAT YOU GET” html editor. You didn’t need to know the HTML code to produce a really great web site. It basically allowed you to drag and drop just about anything, anywhere on your pages. Being cloud based you did not have to load any software onto your computer.

To this day, I still use a wysiwyg editor called KompoZer that has all the features I will ever need and many that I will never need. It is free open source software that runs on Microsoft Windows, Mac and some Linux machines. Site . Learning to use it is a breeze with all the tutorials available. I like to create a new web page and save it to my hard drive with all the supporting files (pictures, charts, and other files used in the page.

When I finish the new page, or edit old pages, I will upload it to the web server the page and files used there. I also elected to use FileZilla (free and open source) to transfer created web contents to the web server. That way I automatically have a second copy (backup) immediately. Site .

Creating a web site is no more difficult than to create a Word document. It is just using different software in a different way.

APCUG supplies space for our club web site, as a sub domain in connection with their web site on the GoDaddy servers. Over the last couple months, service has been transferring from the old web server to GoDaddy’s servers. You may have noticed some difficulty connecting to the TECC web site during the transfer. This is not to be expected.

There are rules to be followed in order to keep the World Wide Web operating properly.

In our case, .org is our top name domain and apcug is the domain name and tecc is our clubs sub domain name.

Putting it all together its

Rules going back many years states when there is a sub domain (tecc) we must not use the www in the front.

Therefor will work and get you to our home page while should not work or be used.

What will not work is putting anything in front of apcug.

You may enter TECC.APCUG.ORG/ in upper case or in lower case as and they will work fine. Anything following the top name domain (org) must be exactly as the file name on the web server. The file name is created by the webmaster just the same as you name a file when you save to disk. Just like on your computer, each file has a .extension as .jpg for pictures, .txt for a text file, .html for a web page. The extension is part of the file name. You may have the same file name in a directory several times with different extensions that help organize your hard disk.

Rules to follow

A web site has its own programing language called HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language. It is basically non-English symbols and characters that tell your web browser (Microsoft Edge, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Opera, Safari Etc.) how to display a web page. The rules are developed and updated over a long period of time by a committee gathered from representatives of major browser makers. This committee is charged with making rules to be used in their browsers so they will all work on any properly written web page.

In this type of program, if a comma is missing or a character is in the wrong place, the program may not understand what to do. Therefore the program must ignore what it doesn’t understand. We couldn’t even use a browser that would crash many times in displaying a web site.

ValidateMarkup Validation Service

You, I or Anyone may check any web page for errors in the HTML programing or coding. Site: . Enter your favorite web site and see how they are doing

Using Bluetooth on Your Smartphone and Tablet  

By Julie Mahaffey, ICON (Interactive Computer Owners Network) Member

The ICON-Newsletter of the Interactive Computer Owners Network

Cejmmahaffey (at)

 Bluetooth is wireless and a way for devices to communicate with each other over a small distance. Created in 1994 Bluetooth® technology is a wireless alternative to data cables. Data is shared through radio waves rather than hooking a cable to a device.

Bluetooth connects the Internet of Things (IoT), machine to machine, Ex. smartphones, tablets, headphones, speakers, etc.  A Bluetooth product, like a headset or watch, contains a tiny computer chip with a Bluetooth radio and software that makes it easy to connect.  

See more at:

Bluetooth Facts:

  • Bluetooth is everywhere – Smartphones, tablets, headphones, speakers, TVs, computers, cars, medical devices, etc.
  • Bluetooth is low power – Runs off of small button batteries.
  • Bluetooth is easy to use – When two Bluetooth devices want to talk to each other, they need to pair. 
  • Go to settings, turn on Bluetooth on both devices, hit the pairing button and wait for Bluetooth to connect.
  • Bluetooth is low cost – Today Bluetooth is included in most devices but it can be added for a small cost.


Bluetooth Devices:

  • Headsets – fits over your ear to make phone calls or listen to music
  • Speakers – connect to tablet or smartphone for music listening
  • Home Deadbolt Door Lock – lock or unlock a deadbolt lock with a smartphone
  • Smart Pen for iPad – write and draw
  • Weight Scales – connects to smartphone
  • Armband Sensor – sends pulse rate to smartphone
  • Keyboard – connect to computer or tablet
  • Bluetooth Car Kit – hands-free phone call


Works Cited:

“Bluetooth Technology Basics,” Bluetooth. Bluetooth SIG, February 19, 2016. technology-basics



Using Foreign Characters in Passwords

By Martin Arbagi, Dayton Microcomputer Association                     Martin.Arbagi (at)

 Imagine a site that requires a password to enter—but that password can be only one character long! You would have fewer than a hundred possible passwords: the upper and lower-case versions of each letter in the English alphabet, ten numbers, and various punctuation marks.

But now imagine that you had hundreds of other characters available. Of course, any recently-built computer could still break the password, but it be a trifle more difficult to do so.

 My credit union’s password can contain a maximum of 10 characters. That always disturbed me. My insurance company’s Web site can use passwords as long as thirty-four characters. One day, in an idle moment, I went to the credit union’s site and tried to type a foreign character.

 What is a foreign character? It can be an accented “e,” such as the French word, élite, an accented “n”, as in the Spanish cañon (our “canyon”), an accented “o,” as in the German Österreich (Austria), or any other accented characters. As a test, I tried typing an accented character as an answer to one of the security questions most sites use in addition to a password. A common security question is: “What was your mother’s maiden name?” I used my late mother-in-law’s maiden name, Suárez.

 It worked! The Web site accepted the accented “a” in the answer to the security question.

 Of course, the next step was to include accented characters and other symbols not usually found on the typical American keyboard (such as £, for the British pound) in my main password.

 The next question is: How to access these characters? Various word-processing programs use different methods. Unfortunately, you can’t use word processors to type passwords on Web sites. You could open Microsoft Word or Open Office Writer, type in the accented character, then cut-and-paste it into the Web site, but this is awkward and cumbersome.

 The solution is to use the Alt key, coupled with the numbers on your numeric keypad, at the right-hand side of your keyboard. (The numbers across the top won’t work.) You get é by typing Alt and 130. The euro symbol (€ ) is Alt 128. Alt 172 yields ¼. The Japanese yen symbol (¥) is Alt 165. Æ (as in Mount Ætna, the volcano in Sicily) is Alt 146.

 A few final notes:

·       All this is for PCs running Windows, not Apple or Linux machines.

·       Don’t confuse the Alt with the Ctrl key.

·       If you don’t get what you want with the keystroke sequences given in the main article above, try typing a zero (0) before the numbers. For example, if you can’t get the cents symbol (¢) by typing Alt 155, try typing Alt 0155.

·       Few laptop and no netbook keyboards have separate numeric keypads. Each manufacturer (Asus, Dell, H-P, Lenovo, Toshiba, etc.) has its own method of emulating a numeric keypad.  Most use a key labeled “Fn.” Consult your User’s Manual.

·       Web sites almost never advertise that they accept foreign characters in passwords. “Special characters” are not the same as foreign characters. Your best bet is trial-and-error.

·       Be careful about using too many foreign characters. My credit union’s site locks up if I use more than three of them.

·       I would be interested in hearing from readers who tried Unicode characters in passwords. Unicode allows you to use alphabets such as Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, or Hebrew.

·       Though she was from South America and it does contain an accented character, my late mother-in-law’s maiden name is not Suárez, nor is the £ symbol in my password! However, I change my credit union password every three months. Make another attempt later.

Submit Your article; deadline for next bulletin is Tuesday noon each week. Only what you write may be published. We cannot publish other peoples work without written permission. Simply click here EDITOR AT TECC and paste your write-up to submit it.
Share your computer experiences with other members. We need articles to publish in the TECC Bulletin.

UPDATE YOUR MEMBERSHIP INFORMATION Change your e-mail address, unsubscribe to this bulletin, etc.  Use link below.