Trails End Computer Club

Bulletin for the month of NOVEMBER 2016





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2016 FALL

Saturday, November 5
1:00 – 4:00 pm ET     12:00 noon – 3:00 pm CT 
11:00 am - 2:00 pm MT     10:00 am – 1:00 pm PT
Attend the FREE conference from the convenience of your own home! All you need is your computer, tablet, etc. and Internet access. The sessions are 50 minutes in length and offer attendees the opportunity to ask questions via Q&A; the questions are answered by the presenter at the end of the presentation or via e-mail if there isn’t enough time after the presentation.
APCUG uses ZOOM for the VTC webinar presentations ( If you have not participated in a VTC, go to  to download the app for the device you will be using to ‘attend’ the conference.
Videos from earlier conferences can be found on APCUG’s YouTube channel
  • To register for this VTC, please click on the below link: 
Spread the word by forwarding this e-mail to your members.VTCs are a great way for them to expand their technology experience and be introduced to new skills. Below are the sessions that are currently scheduled.

The Virtual Technology Committee
Judy Taylour, Chair
Francis Chao, Jim Evans, John Kennedy, Jere Minich, Marie Vesta, David Williams

Track 1

1 PM ET - What to Do When Your Computer Will Not Boot
Francis Chao, Member, WINdows usERS User Group, CA
If your computer will not boot up, Francis has some basic, logical troubleshooting tips for your computer. The tips are from the simple and obvious to more complex procedures.

2 PM ET - Windows 10 Features and Annoyances
Jeri Steele, President, Bowling Green Area Microcomputer User Group, KY
Come see some features of Windows 10 that you may not have discovered yet. Some of these features are just in a different location. Others are buried very deep within menus and right clicks. Along with the usable features there are some annoyances that Jeri has experienced. She will show you how to tame those unruly annoyances.

3 PM ET - 25 Awesome iDevice Tips
Diane McKeever, Author, 101 Amazing Computer Tips
Want to get more out of your iDevices (iPhone/iPad)? This presentation will include some basic productivity tips as well as advanced time saving tips. Get ready to take notes!


1 PM ET - Staying Safe Online
Pam Holland, President and Instructor, TechMoxie
As we conduct more of our personal lives online, from e-mail to s hopping to even banking, it is so important to understand the best practices for staying safe online. Join us for an informative discussion lead by Pam Holland of on how to recognize phishing (fraudulent) e-mails, avoid computer viruses and scams, and how to find trustworthy information online. The presentation will include a review of actual fraudulent e-mails and scam “pop u” computer virus warnings.

2 PM ET - Find a Grave
Ken & Sue Bixler, Members, East-Central Ohio Technology Users Club
Ken is co-chair of the Linux SIG is a web site resource for genealogical research. Its mission is to find, record and present final disposition information from around the world. Jim Tipton is the founder of Find a Grave…”Thousands of contributors submit new listings, updates, corrections, photographs and virtual flowers every hour. Every day, contributors from around the world enter new records, thousands use the site as an educational reference tool, long-lost loved ones are located and millions of lives are fondly remembered.” 

Ken and Sue will describe how they use it, what benefits they derive and the services the site provides.

3 PM ET - Must-have Android Apps
Bill James, Vice President, Computer Club of Oklahoma City; APCUG Advisor, Region 8
Life is made easier with apps. Bill will share some of his must-have apps during this presentation. You will be able to share the apps you can’t live without with others who attend this session by typing the name of your favorite app(s) in the Chat Box and we’ll add them to Bill’s presentation and upload the updated presentation to APCUG’s website.

Back to Basics, Changing to another Email Service

By Jim Cerny, Chairman, Forums Committee, Sarasota Technology UG, Florida

Sarasota Technology Monitor,,     jimcerny123 (at) 

Almost all computer users use email – and you are one of them, right?  Have you ever had to change your email address or change to another email provider?  Recently here in Florida (and I hear in Texas and California as well) our internet provider Verizon has been taken over by Frontier. As a result of this, EVERYONE had to change from Verizon to AOL for their email. Fortunately their Verizon email address will continue to be accepted by AOL (for now). The purpose of this article is to help you understand what steps are needed to change to another email. I do recommend Gmail because it comes with several other tools provided by Google and you most likely will never have to change to another email address.

 Your first task is to go to the website and establish a new email account -- that is get your new email address and password. Please write it down and do not lose it!  Once you have your new email ID your major concerns are forwarding your old emails to your new email address, getting your address book (or contact list) to your new email and to notify everyone of your new address. Some emails (such as Gmail) may ask you what your other email address is and automatically bring your contact list and forward any emails from your old address to your new address. They want your email business. But if your address book is not copied over for you then you will have to do it yourself. By all means “ask Google” how to do it. For example, ask Google “How do I get my AOL address book to my Gmail contacts?”  What you will most likely have to do is to create a file of your address book by “exporting” it and giving it a file name, then copying that file by “importing” it into your new email. After you do this you need to examine your entire address book, name by name, to see that all the data was copied correctly. You will probably have some editing to do to straighten things out. For example, some phone numbers may not have been copied over or a nickname may have been placed as the last name, etc.

 Next it is helpful to have all your old email “forwarded” to your new email address. This way you do not have to hurry to notify everyone on your list that you have a new email. If this is not possible, you may have to go into your old email and actually forward those important emails to your new email. From now on, only use your new email address.

 Finally, send a nice email to everyone telling them your new email address. It also is essential that you read the “help” or “options” for your new email so that you are aware of how to create new email folders, sort your emails, find emails, etc. Although every email can do these basic functions, how it is done may be different on different emails. And if you are converting to Gmail, be sure to check out the many apps that are available to you with your Gmail account ID. Now you are ready to enjoy using your new email.

 One word of caution -- what if you have used your email address to establish accounts with various on-line businesses or services? Movie channels, banking, club memberships, etc. may be using your OLD email address as your account ID. Unfortunately, all of these accounts must be changed to your new email ID. This may entail you having to enter all new passwords for all these accounts as well. This can be a real pain if you have many accounts, but there is really no other way around this, sorry. Be sure to write down ALL your IDs and passwords for EVERY service or app which requires an account.

 Good luck and please don’t forget to Ask Google anything about your email. You will find very helpful instructions and videos to guide you. Now here’s hoping that you will never have to change your email address again!  

 Communications – Voice and Digital – All in one package

By Phil Sorrentino, Contributing Writer, The Computer Club, Florida /        +philsorr (at)

 Sound familiar?  Well, it should; it describes a Smartphone. A smartphone provides voice (analog… sort of) and digital (computer to computer) communications, all in a package you can stick in your pocket and carry around. Communications, as you would find in Wikipedia, may be defined as “the purposeful activity of information exchange between two or more participants in order to convey or receive the intended meaning through a shared system of signs and semiotic rules.” (Yes, I had to look up semiotic, too.)  Basically, it is the means of getting information (knowledge of something) to or from some other person or place. Communications is very different from Transportation.   Nothing physical ever gets moved from place to place, only “information” or the knowledge of something, is moved.

 In voice communications, sound is the information that is conveyed. In digital communications, digital data is the information conveyed. For both types of communications, you need a transmitter at one end of a communications path, and a receiver at the other end. In voice, usually a person’s mouth is the transmitter, and at the other end there is usually another person’s ear (pretty straight forward for us here in the 21st century). In digital communications, the transmitter and the receiver are digital computing machines, a.k.a. computers. We are all familiar with mouths and ears, because they have been around for a long time. But, digital computers are relatively new, and have only been around for 60 or so years, and they have only been small enough to be carried around by a person, and powerful enough to do the job, in the last 5 or 10 years (the iPhone was introduced in 2007).

 So, the smartphone in your pocket is really quite a powerful communications device.   We use its voice communications capability to contact other people as we would use any other telephone. (Remember crank phones, pay phones, and flip phones?)  And we use its data communications capability to contact any other computer in the world on the internet (a server computer; that is). The voice capability does not seem too astounding since we’ve had telephones since the early 1900s. It is the data communications capability that really makes this device so useful, and powerful. (As it turns out, the voice communications, although we think of it as analog, is really just another form of digital communications. In a modern phone, the voice is immediately converted to a digital stream of data and it is that data that is communicated to the receiving device where it is converted back to analog voice right before it goes to the receiver’s ear.)

 Of course, there is also an elaborate communications infrastructure in place that lets the smartphone do it’s magic. The most important part of this infrastructure is the “cellular phone network”, or the collection of cell phone towers that have sprung up all over the country over the last 30 or 40 years. These networks allow phones to be mobile; that is, they do not have to be located at fixed locations, like the older “landline” phones. They also allow phones to be tracked so you can carry on communications while you are driving down a high speed interstate highway. The cell phone network is eventually connected to the internet giving the users of that network access to the internet. (Just as an aside, there are four major cell networks in the US, Verizon, AT&T, Sprint, and T-Mobile.)  Another more recent part of the infrastructure is the wide-spread adoption of the Wi-Fi local area network. This part of the infrastructure provides access to the internet by any mobile device within the Wi-Fi’s useable radius of maybe a few hundreds of feet. Wi-Fi is implemented using a Wi-Fi router, connected to a modem, which in turn connects to an Internet Service Provider, like Verizon, Comcast, or Brighthouse. These networks have become ubiquitous and are available in homes, shopping centers, libraries, airports, and many restaurants.

 So, the users of mobile devices have access to the internet by either a cell phone network, or Wi-Fi local area networks. The cost for using the cell phone network is usually covered by a plan which includes phone call minutes, texts, and data. The cost for using the Wi-Fi network is nothing beyond the monthly cost of having the service provided. Once a plan is in place with a network provider and a Wi-Fi is setup, a mobile device has access to the internet, via either of these methods, using the Apps on the device. And, it is the collection of Apps on the device that really harnesses the power of the smartphone, allowing it to take advantage of the elaborate infrastructure. Data communications on the internet usually employs a Client-Server approach. Apps on the mobile device are considered “clients” and they communicate with “server computers” on the internet. These servers are setup to do certain things; for instance, a bank server might provide information about your bank accounts. Once the bank App on the device is selected, the App may only need the appropriate “User Name”, and “Password” to provide results. Because the App is for a specific bank, the App knows what server to contact (the internet URL), how to go about contacting that specific server (TCP/IP), how to interpret the data received from that server, and how to reveal the bank account balances on the display to the App user.

 There are many Apps on a Smartphone that provide communications with either other phones or computers. A “phone” App allows the user to make and receive phone calls.   Messaging Apps usually provide the ability to send emails to email addresses, or send texts to phone numbers. Some messaging Apps allow the inclusion of pictures, video, and audio attachments. Another App lets the user send a picture and determine how long the picture will be able to be viewed before it is removed from the server and the receiving device. So, Apps help the Smartphone provide Voice and Data Communications; most of these Apps have arrived in just the last few years. Can you imagine what the future has in store?

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