Trails End Computer Club

Bulletin for the week of FEBRUARY 5,2017

EACH Wednesday 

Program or Lesson 9:00 - 10:00 AM
One on One Help 10:00-?
In the Library


If you would like to meet in a small group to discuss special computer related subjects or form a Special Interest Group lets discuss it.

Our bulletin is also available on line by visiting and clicking on bulletin.

Our weekly program or lesson is intended 
to be of interest to all computer users.
Following the program an allotment of time will
be available for one on one help to those
who want a better understanding of something done
 during the presentation.

Upcoming Events

Wednesday FEBRUARY 8, 2017 Meeting in the Library
 8:45 AM Set up your computer
 9:00 AM Call to order.

BACK TO BASICS - Using the Internet

By Jim Cerny, 2nd Vice President, Sarasota TUG, FL         jimcerny123 (at)

The Internet is an almost unlimited source of information, news, entertainment, help, and, well everything. Most people, including you, probably have no problem using the Internet, but sometimes it is good to review some Internet-related terms and some basics. It helps us use the internet even better. Here are some Internet terms --

 The INTERNET – a whole lot of computers sharing information. There is only one Internet, it does not come in parts. It is also called the World Wide Web. Anyone can put anything on the internet, it is not “policed” by anyone. Be careful what you see or read may not be true. You can connect to the internet using a wire to your computer or, more common today, without a wire, called a “wireless” connection or “Wi-Fi”. All laptop computers and iPads and “smart phones” have the ability to connect to a wireless network IF one is available in the range of your computer. Hotels, restaurants, libraries, and some towns may provide free wireless connections for you. Desktop computers usually connect with a wire but you can purchase a device to make your desktop connect without a wire.

 Internet PROVIDER – a company to whom you pay money to allow you access to the Internet. Companies like Verizon, Comcast, Brighthouse, or a satellite “dish” company are examples.

 Internet BROWSER – a program on your computer which allows you to view internet web pages. These programs, such as Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, are all free. The Internet Explorer program comes free with Windows but you can download others from the Internet if you wish. All these programs work the same way but may look a little different.

 INTERNET ADDRESS – every web page on the internet has a unique address.

 ADDRESS BAR – located at or near the very top of your Internet Browser program window, this “box” contains the address of the web page you are currently viewing in the window. You can go to another web page address by left-clicking your mouse on the current address (which will highlight the address) and entering, using your keyboard, any new valid web page address. (If you enter words or text in this box instead of an address, your web browser will search the Internet using a search engine. That’s ok, but it may not be the search engine you want to use).

 WEB PAGE – a “document” on the internet which has a unique address. You may also think of a web page as a specific “location” on the Internet. A web page can be any length or size. Look for scrollbars at the side of the window or the bottom to use to see the entire page.

 HOT LINK – Almost all web pages contain “hot links” to click on with your mouse. These links will take you to another web page.

 SEARCH ENGINE – a web page that you can use to search the Internet. The most popular is Google ( but there are many others such as, Bing, and Yahoo. They are free to use, just go to their webpage.

 Now that we have reviewed some terms, we will look at the two ways to use the internet. The first way, if you know the exact web address of the web page you want to see, just enter that address in the address bar or box and hit the “Enter” key on your keyboard. Your Internet browser will go to that web page and the new address will be displayed in the address bar.

 The second way to use the Internet is when you do not know an address and just want to search the internet for something. So, you use a search engine like Google. At the Google web page you will see your insertion point waiting for you to enter your search words in the search box. Use regular English words separated by spaces. You can even ask a question. Google will search the whole internet in a fraction of a second and give you thousands of results, usually ten or fifteen on a page. On the results, you can click on any web page title to go to that web page.

 Here are some very helpful things to consider when using the internet. You can find out more about them by using Google.

 FAVORITES – If you like visiting certain web pages often, keep it in your “favorites” list. The next time you want to visit that web page again, just click on “favorites” and click on the one you want in the list. You can organize your favorites into FOLDERS too. So you could have a folder of your favorite medical web pages or games or whatever.

 The Left and Right ARROWS at the top of the window of your web browser program can be clicked (with your left mouse button) to go back to a previous web page or to go forward to see a web page you have already seen. When you use your web browser you are building a chain of web pages that you have visited and these arrows allow you to move up or down that chain.

 OPTIONS – Your web browser program will come with many options some of which you may want to understand and use. For example, do you want to keep in memory your history of web pages visited?  You should use the “help” option on your browser program (mine is a small blue circle with a white “?” in it) to learn what you can do. You will not want to try everything, but you will find some things you will want to try.

 TABS – Most browsers are able to use “tabs” which are, simply, a web page that is kept active. Years ago you could only view one web page at a time. But by using tabs, you can set up your browser to have several web pages available to you at once (without opening another web browser program window). I don’t use tabs very much, but sometimes when you click on a hotlink it may open the next web page in a new tab.

 GOOGLE HELP – Remember, you can ask Google any question you want. If you want to know something about your browser program, you could enter in Google something like: “How do I save favorite web pages in Internet Explorer?”  Be as specific as you can with your question.

 Hopefully this has been a good review for you and maybe will inspire you to try something new with your browser program.

The Tip Corner

By Bill Sheff, Lehigh Valley Computer Group, Pennsylvania

The LVCG Journal          nsheff (at)

Here it is, the start of another year.  Happy New Year Everyone.  

 Looking back on what has transpired in the computer field takes my breath away. Take memory for example.  In the 30 plus years of personal computing, memory has gone from 32 Mbs to double digit Gbs and machines, even laptops, now come with quad core CPUs.  Storage space has become cheaper and cheaper. I was shopping the other day and saw a Seagate external hard drive of four TB and it cost just a few bucks more than the one TB I purchased a few months ago.  Price? $137!  WOW!  Registries have increased, and even the tablets have increased in RAM and storage. On the programing side we now have machines that have sophisticated Text to Speech and Speech to Text. I use a text-to-speech program to read my spreadsheet numbers so I can double check them. I remember sitting with another person as we read to each other to double check. We can now do it by ourselves. Video editing using free NLE (non-linear editing) programs is a snap, and they even break the film down into scenes based on time or change of scene so you can drag and drop in a second. If you are an old 8mm camera guy you must remember cutting, numbering and hanging up scenes so you could arrange and edit your home movies. The list goes on and on.  But with all these great improvements we still can use some help on how to use them. so...On To The Tips.

 Firefox 4.0 Quick Find

Long for a keyword to help you search an article? You can hit Ctrl>F and type in your query, but in Firefox 4 just hit, the / key on your keyboard (located just to the left of the Shift key) and start typing.


Windows Copy as Path

When you right-click on a file or a folder you brings up an action menu with basic choices, like “Open” or “Copy.” If you hold down the Shift key when you right click in Windows the usual menu that pops up will now include an option called “Copy as Path.” This will copy the entire path of the file or folder to your clipboard, and allows you to paste it wherever you want. This is useful once you’ve located a file in Explorer and you want to upload it to a Web site. So, instead of taking the time to browse for the file on the site, you can just copy and paste its path directly.

Print part of an email or other text

While this is really a simple copy and paste exercise some people seem to have a problem with the concept, so here are some pointers and an explanation.

       When you highlight and right-click on what you would like to copy the highlighted portion goes into the Window's clipboard.

       You do not see it, but it is there.

       You can open another email or a blank word document or Notepad.

       You can then click Paste, and the text appears.

       If you copied some pictures along with the text that you do not want, instead of just right-clicking, go to Edit>Paste Special and click on unformatted text.  

       None of the graphics will be included.

       You can then send out the email or save the text document as usual.

 What's In A Word?

To keep from overusing a word when writing we go to the shelf and bring down a thesaurus.  Well forget Roget, here are some thesaurus sites you might be interested in.

 The Cook’s Thesaurus

If you need a food substitute this is the site to go to. But it does more. It also has information, pronunciations, pictures and more!.

 On the main page, there is a featured section where you’ll find the Ingredient of the Month. You will learn how to cook it, what to serve with it, and even what to look for when buying it

Further down you will find a listing of categories. Everything is there from fruits to vegetables, flavorings, baking supplies, fats and oils and even equipment. Each category breaks down into a list of items that fit the category you can explore further.  Along with the food substitutes you get an education about the ingredients and equipment you cook with. Find it at:

 Open Office and Libre Office

The document writer in these two free suites have a way to find substitute words. Right-click on the word to be changed. Towards the bottom of the list that opens you will see Synonyms. You will see a list of other words that can be used. Choose one and it will replace the one you started with.

 If none of those words suit you, proceed to the Thesaurus. Like everything else there is more than one way to get there. While in Synonyms select Thesaurus at the bottom of the synonyms list. Or you could also go to the Tools menu, Language sub-menu, Thesaurus choice. But the fastest was is just highlight the word and use Ctrl>F7. Ctrl>F7 also works in MS Word. For those using Word 2007 and later the thesaurus is found on the Review ribbon.  OK, and now for you texters. Being limited to 140 characters certainly puts a damper on the creative juices, but have no fear, just take a trip to You type in a long word click the search button and it gives you a shorter synonym. To find out more about the Thsrs, check out the “Why a shorter thesaurus?” link under the search field. It will tell you all about the site and why it was made.

 So now you should never be at a loss for words.

 I Love My XP What Can I Do?

 XP is user-friendly, and a lot has changed in the 12 years since XP was launched. But now that Microsoft has ending support, XP is highly vulnerable to external threats such as viruses and malware.

 While we know that updating to Vista, Win7 and Win8 are valid options there is one more option that should be considered - Ubuntu.

 Ubuntu is a Linux operating system and is considered a superior system to XP.

 You may not be familiar with Linux. It’s an operating system for computers, like Windows. And while Linux started out with text only operations it is now a fully operating GUI system. While I am a Windows User and have slowly migrated up to Win8, for those that have continued to use XP and like it, you might want to consider the switch. Especially for those older machines with minimum CPU and storage.

 The switch from Windows XP to Linux Ubuntu may not prove to be the horrific experience that you might imagine. And while the family of Linux users pales beside Windows, some consider it a much better system. It will give you much more than you get from Windows XP or even from Windows 7 or 8.

 Here are some of the pluses with Linux Ubuntu you might want to consider.

 Security:  Presently, Ubuntu claims to be a virus free OS, but just like Apple, once there is a community of users the hackers will arrive.  But since XP is no longer supported the risks are greater that malicious software is out there.  

 Speed:  Older computers with minimum resources have a tendency to clog when using windows. Ubuntu runs for a long time without any lag since it uses a lesser amount of resources and boosts performance in older machines.

 Cost:  Hello! Ubuntu is free. And no product key is needed.

 Space: Ubuntu occupies much less hard drive space than XP. Other versions of Ubuntu such as Xbuntu, take up even less space and provide almost the same functionality.

 Drivers:  There’s is no headache in installing drivers for audio, video and graphics from external sources in Ubuntu. The OS automatically detects your hardware and installs the latest drivers. Even if you have lost your drivers, you can still acquire sound and video drivers automatically while using Ubuntu.

 Software: Ubuntu has lots of useful software absolutely free with no catches or hidden charges. Software like Firefox, Chrome, Libre Office, Open Office and many more can be found at Ubuntu Software center. Another special software, Wine, helps you run most of your Windows based software without any trouble at all.

 Customization: Ubuntu users have full customization options. You have the choice to change your desktop colors, task bar sizes and make custom side bars.

 So if you want to hang on to your old machine, Ubuntu offers a unique opportunity. So think about it, and perhaps give it a try. Actually, you can even have both systems on your machine while you take the time to so if it appeals to you.

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